2014年 CIDで報告された、Phase 3 を振り返り。
HAP VAP エンピリックにMRSAカバーは、必要性が少ない日々を送っていますので
P : HAP VAP
E : ceftobiprole 500 mg every 8 hours
C : ceftazidime 2 g every 8 hours plus linezolid 600 mg every 12 hours
O : primary outcome ; clinical cure
49.9% vs 52.8% (intent-to-treat [ITT], 95% confidence interval [CI] for the difference, −10.0 to 4.1)
Background. Ceftobiprole, the active moiety of ceftobiprole medocaril, is a novel broad-spectrum cephalosporin, with bactericidal activity against a wide range of gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus (including methicillin-resistant strains) and penicillin- and ceftriaxone-resistant pneumococci, and gram-negative bacteria, including Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Methods. This was a double-blind, randomized, multicenter study of 781 patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including 210 with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Treatment was intravenous ceftobiprole 500 mg every 8 hours, or ceftazidime 2 g every 8 hours plus linezolid 600 mg every 12 hours; primary outcome was clinical cure at the test-of-cure visit.
Results. Overall cure rates for ceftobiprole vs ceftazidime/linezolid were 49.9% vs 52.8% (intent-to-treat [ITT], 95% confidence interval [CI] for the difference, −10.0 to 4.1) and 69.3% vs 71.3% (clinically evaluable [CE], 95% CI, −10.0 to 6.1). Cure rates in HAP (excluding VAP) patients were 59.6% vs 58.8% (ITT, 95% CI, −7.3 to 8.8), and 77.8% vs 76.2% (CE, 95% CI, −6.9 to 10.0). Cure rates in VAP patients were 23.1% vs 36.8% (ITT, 95% CI, −26.0 to −1.5) and 37.7% vs 55.9% (CE, 95% CI, −36.4 to 0). Microbiological eradication rates in HAP (excluding VAP) patients were, respectively, 62.9% vs 67.5% (microbiologically evaluable [ME], 95% CI, −16.7 to 7.6), and in VAP patients 30.4% vs 50.0% (ME, 95% CI, −38.8 to −0.4). Treatment-related adverse events were comparable for ceftobiprole (24.9%) and ceftazidime/linezolid (25.4%).
Conclusions. Ceftobiprole is a safe and effective bactericidal antibiotic for the empiric treatment of HAP (excluding VAP). Further investigations are needed before recommending the use of ceftobiprole in VAP patients.
第61回日本感染症学会 東日本 シンポジウム22 より