さまよう薬剤師のブログ

感染症治療を考える素材を提供します。最近は意思決定への応用が関心領域。双子と0歳の育児奮闘中。I have Ph.D. but less sense a ID pharmacist (ICPS). Another face is an investor.

Efficacy and safety of intravenous ceftriaxone at home versus intravenous flucloxacillin in hospital for children with cellulitis (CHOICE): a single-centre, open-label, randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial

LIDに報告された、CHOICE試験。

 

小児蜂窩織炎に対する在宅CTRX vs 病院fluclxacillin。

単施設RCT、非劣勢の検討。

 

・CTRX  (50 mg/kg once daily) 

・flucloxacillin (50 mg/kg every 6 h)

 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(18)30729-1/fulltext

 

f:id:akinohanayuki:20190501074536j:plain

 

感想

 

非劣勢でした。

面白い試験。今後、在宅RCT増えそうです。

ただし、対象年齢の幅が大きいことが気になりました。

6ヶ月から18歳をまとめていいのかしら?

 

Background

Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy in children is common despite no evidence of its efficacy or safety from clinical trials. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous antibiotic therapy at home with that of standard treatment in hospital for children with moderate to severe cellulitis.

Methods

The Cellulitis at Home or Inpatient in Children from the Emergency Department (CHOICE) trial was a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial in children aged 6 months to 18 years who presented to the emergency department at The Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne, VIC, Australia) with uncomplicated moderate to severe cellulitis. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either intravenous ceftriaxone (50 mg/kg once daily) at home or intravenous flucloxacillin (50 mg/kg every 6 h) in hospital with web-based randomisation, stratified by age and periorbital cellulitis. The primary outcome was treatment failure, which was defined as no clinical improvement or occurrence of an adverse event, resulting in a change in empiric antibiotics within 48 h of the first dose. Secondary outcomes included adverse events and acquisition of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Outcomes were assessed in all randomised participants with outcome data (intention-to-treat population) and in all individuals who received treatment as allocated and did not have any major protocol violations (per-protocol population). For home treatment to be non-inferior to hospital treatment, the difference between groups in the proportion of children with treatment failure in the intention-to-treat population had to be less than 15%. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02334124.

Findings

Between Jan 9, 2015, and June 15, 2017, we screened 1135 children for eligibility, of whom 190 were randomly assigned to receive ceftriaxone at home (n=95) or flucloxacillin in hospital (n=95). The intention-to-treat analysis comprised 188 children (93 in the home group and 95 in the hospital group) because two children in the home group were found to be ineligible after randomisation and were excluded. Treatment failure occurred in two (2%) children in the home group and in seven (7%) children in the hospital group (risk difference −5·2%, 95% CI −11·3 to 0·8, p=0·088). In the per-protocol analysis, treatment failure occurred in one (1%) of 89 children in the home group and in seven (8%) of 91 children in the hospital group (−6·5%, −12·4 to −0·7). Fewer children treated at home than in hospital had an adverse event (two [2%] vs ten [11%]; p=0·048). There was no difference between groups in rates of nasal acquisition of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or gastrointestinal acquisition of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing bacteria or Clostridium difficile after 3 months.

Interpretation

Home treatment with intravenous ceftriaxone is not inferior to treatment in hospital with intravenous flucloxacillin for children with cellulitis. The standard of care for the intravenous treatment of uncomplicated cellulitis in children should be home or outpatient care when feasible.

Funding

The Royal Children's Hospital Foundation and Murdoch Children's Research Institute.
 

 

ネルソン小児感染症治療ガイド 第2版

ネルソン小児感染症治療ガイド 第2版