さまよう薬剤師のブログ

感染症治療を考える素材を提供します。最近は意思決定への応用が関心領域。双子と0歳の育児奮闘中。I have Ph.D. but less sense a ID pharmacist (ICPS). Another face is an investor.

Azithromycin and metronidazole versus metronidazole-based therapy for the induction of remission in mild to moderate paediatric Crohn's disease : a randomised controlled trial.

Gutに報告された、P4 RCT。

小児クローン病に対する、

Azithromycin + Metronidazole  vs   Metronidazole

 

主評価

response defined by a decrease in PCDAI>12.5

remission using intention to treat analysis

 

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

f:id:akinohanayuki:20190213053922j:plain

 感想

 

response defined by a decrease in PCDAI>12.5

P=0.07は、次に繋がる可能性を感じます。

 

なお、PCDAIとは、

www.mdcalc.com

 

Abstract


OBJECTIVE:
Crohn's disease (CD) pathogenesis associated with dysbiosis and presence of pathobionts in the lumen, intracellular compartments and epithelial biofilms. Azithromycin is active in all three compartments. Our goal was to evaluate if azithromycin-based therapy can improve response and induce remission compared with metronidazole alone in paediatric CD.

DESIGN:
This blinded randomised controlled trial allocated children 5-18 years with 10<Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI)≤40 to azithromycin 7.5 mg/kg, 5 days/week for 4 weeks and 3 days/week for another 4 weeks with metronidazole 20 mg/kg/day (group 1) or metronidazole alone (group 2), daily for 8 weeks. Failures from group 2 were offered azithromycin as open label. The primary end point was response defined by a decrease in PCDAI>12.5 or remission using intention to treat analysis.

RESULTS:
73 patients (mean age 13.8±3.1 years) were enrolled, 35 to group 1 and 38 to group 2. Response and remission rates at week 8 were identical 23/35 (66%) in group 1 and 17/38 (45%) and 15/38 (39%) in group 2 (P=0.07 and P=0.025, respectively). The needed to treat for remission was 3.7. Faecal calprotectin declined significantly in group 1 (P=0.003) but not in group 2 (p=0.33), and was lower at week 8 (P=0.052). Additional therapy was required in 6/35(17%) from group 1 versus 16/38(42%) in group 2 (P=0.027) by week 8. Among 12 failures in group 2, open-label azithromycin led to remission in 10/12 (83%).

CONCLUSIONS:
The combination of azithromycin and metronidazole failed to improve response but was superior for induction of remission and reduction in calprotectin.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER : NCT01596894.